James F. Moore, who discovered the concept of a business ecosystem, defined it as "an economic community supported by a foundation of interacting organizations and individuals—the organizations of the business world." According to his definition, all stakeholders involved in the entire supply chain, from production to delivery of the final product, are part of the business ecosystem.
Goods and services produced for customers include suppliers, advertising agencies, distributors, sales and marketing professionals, logistics partners, competitors, government agencies, among many others. All these factors are involved in the business ecosystem.
To understand the textile supply chain, first, we need to understand how the industry evolved.
Birth and development of the textile industry around the world
Textiles began in Europe in the mid-18th century. In India, Bombay (now Bombay) was the hub of the textile industry in the 1850s. Since cotton production took place in the Deccan plateau during the British Raj, it was easier to make Bombay the center. It was well connected to Europe via the Arabian Sea and ships used to travel across Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean to reach England. Since the English had colonies all over the world, they could use the products and finished goods from other colonies like South Africa on their way to Europe. Since the laborers worked for the British officers, they had no say in the whole process.
However, India took a strong approach to manufacturing development after independence andthe textile industry began to flourish. The textile industry in India has been shaped by Bombay Dyeing, Arvind Ltd., Vardhman Textiles Ltd. Welspun India Ltd, Raymond Ltd. Trident Ltd and many government sponsored textile industries in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and southern parts of India.
It is India's second largest employment generating sector and exports raw materials and finished products to Europe, USA, Canada, Russia, Australia and many other countries.
The Textile Supply Chain
As the textile industry began to take shape andtextileswere up and running, the need for a strong supply chain became imperative. The following stakeholders are extremely important to the successful operation of the supply chain:
- Farmers/Weavers:The first group in the supply chain for the textile industry is the farmers who grow cotton or silkworms or sheep for natural fibers such as cotton, silk and wool. Before the industrial revolution, thread was woven on a loom and weavers used these threads to weave the finished material. However, now that work is mostly done by machines.
- Dealers/distributors/suppliers:Farmers sell their produce at a local farmers market and traders take it to markettextiles.
Marketers usually sell their products to the distributors who have contact with many fashion houses in India and other countries. They supply the raw materials (silk, cotton) totextilesfor fabric production.
Suppliers, such as Fashinza, have ties to majorstextiles,and source various types of yarns for fashion houses and retail brands. They also supply other accessories for garment manufacturing companies such as needles, threads, buttons, zippers, laces, satin ribbons, etc.
- Textile mills: Textile industriesplay a central role in the apparel manufacturing supply chain. The processes of spinning, weaving, knitting, bleaching, dyeing, printing and finishing of fabric rolls are done intextile mill.
- Logistics:Once the fabric is manufactured, it must be transported to major distributors and retailers. Garment manufacturing groups source large quantities of fabric from distributors. Logistics teams play a vital role in moving materials fromtextilesin clothing manufacturers' warehouses or retail showrooms.
- Supply groups:Sourcing teams of apparel manufacturing companies are responsible for sourcing the right amount of fabrics and other required accessories as per the orders placed by fashion houses and fashion brands.
They also have to process the invoice, and the accounts payable and receivable teams have to work with the procurement and production teams to ensure that payments to suppliers are made on time. Payments from fashion houses must be recovered on time so that cash inflow is not affected.
- Sales and Marketing:Sales and marketing teams play a huge role in analyzing market trends and advertising their products in the right channels. With the advent of social media, it is important that branding is done through these media as well. The wrong kind of branding can do more harm than good.
For example, a saree manufacturing unit specializing in chikankari or zardozi may venture into Banarasi or Pochampalli variations. However, if they launch a line of underwear without building the right brand image, consumers will often not go for those items.
- Fashion Designers and Fashion Forecasters:Fashion forecasters play a huge role in predicting the trends that will emerge that season. They work in sync with the fashion designers and develop the designs for that season.
- Online presence and customer service:Along with the retail presence and popularity of e-commerce in the last decade, it has become imperative for a reputed fashion brand to launch its online portal and maintain traffic there.
Social media teams need to analyze the buying patterns of online customers and ensure that conversion rates improve over time. The online portal must have a strong customer support team to handle customer queries regarding their purchases and returns. Payment gateways should be secure and robust and return policies should be simple.
- Human resources:Throughout the supply chain, we must not forget the contribution of the HR team. Bothtextilesand garment manufacturing units have thousands of workers working in various positions. Companies need to have a strong technology-driven system to hire the right resources and pay their salaries. There should be proper calculation of overtime hours, calculation of break time and labor laws should be followed to deal with them. Therefore, HR teams play a huge role in managing the workforce in these factories.
Unfortunately, the rural and unorganized sector does not enjoy the benefits of manpower groups in India. The government must look into these challenges and ensure that all types of employees get the benefits of the public health scheme channeled through ESI (Employee State Insurance) and public social security channeled through EPFO (Provided Fund Organization Employees).
- Quality Assurance and Quality Control:In thetextilesand garment manufacturing units, quality costs are a major factor eating into profits. If the quality of the material is not good or the prints did not come off the fabric properly, these items end up as factory seconds on the flea market. This is a huge loss for the textile manufacturing unit. Therefore, thetextilesthey must implement good quality machinery and printing and dyeing systems to ensure that the yarn quality is consistent. Even skilled workers play a huge role in the production process.
Intextiles, quality assurance teams ensure that only those yarns that meet all quality control parameters pass through. Yarn thickness, thread strength, color fastness, etc., are thoroughly checked before the fabric is sent to garment manufacturing units and retail outlets.
The same applies to clothing manufacturing units. If the clothes are not made according to the designs specified by the design teams or the size is not according to the specifications, the customers will reject the whole lot. Quality control teams regularly check samples to ensure that defects are minimized and that clearances for buttons and other accessories are maintained as directed.
- Simplify supply chain management:With the introduction of the e-commerce industry, supply chains have been broken. If you can reduce the burden on distributors and retailers and ensure that the end customer receives the garment directly from the factory warehouse, it will reduce the cost of your garment and more products will be ordered from your company. That's why we get much cheaper clothes on Amazon, Zivame and Myntra.
- Fashion Architects:Architects designing a retail chain showroom or a ramp for a fashion show ensure that the designs are displayed correctly. They need to know how fashion merchandising is done and what kinds of designs will attract more buyers: retail and bulk.
Analysis of Patterns in the Textile Industry
Textile patterns and clothing designs and patterns become popular seasonally, and companies that do successful pattern analysis reap the benefits in terms of profits.
- A huge task that fashion forecasters undertake is to understand the design patterns that fashion lovers will appreciate during this season. If their analysis of the styles and patterns that will be in fashion is correct, the fashion brand will make a profit that season.
Top fashion brands like Jockey, Levi's, Louis Vuitton, Nike spend a lot of time and energy on pattern analysis. They hire the best fashion designers:Kanye West,Virgil Abloh,Dan Weinberg.
- State-of-the-art 2D/3D computer-aided garment design software systems have been used in the garment manufacturing industry for the past two decades. As the world embraced technology and fashion designers began using Adobe Illustrator, Lectra 3D prototype, Digital Fashion Pro, Clo 3D, Corel Draw, Optitex, VStitcher and other applications for the pattern design process, the entire the textile world has changed.
- Digital analysis of two-dimensional images is important when analyzing patterns of a piece of fabric. Fashion experts such as Masajtis J, Kruciska I, Kopias K. and Mielicka F have devised many image analysis techniques.
In today's globalized world, a clothing manufacturer must have a strong supply chain.Robberywill be your reliable partner in turning your designs into garments and delivering them to your business partners. We have come into contact with multiple ethicstextilesto meet your needs for various kinds of fabrics.
What is the company name of fashinza? ›
The legal name of Fashinza is Smartchain Innovation Private Limited.How do I contact Fashinza? ›
Contact Number: +91 9911401663. Email Id: firstname.lastname@example.org.Who is the founder of fashinza? ›
Pawan Gupta - CEO and Co-Founder - Fashinza | LinkedIn.What does sustainability mean in garments? ›
Sustainable clothing refers to fabrics derived from eco-friendly resources, such as sustainably grown fiber crops or recycled materials. Sustainable clothing includes the use of second-hand retail repair and often utilizes upcycling and recycling of clothing. It also refers to how these fabrics are made.Who are the directors of the fashinza? ›
Fashinza's board members include Pawan Gupta (Director), Abhishek Sharma (Director).Who are the founders of GetVantage? ›
GetVantage's founders include Bhavik Vasa (Co-Founder & CEO), Amit Srivastava (Co-Founder), Sachin Tagra (ex-Co-Founder).What is the most sustainable type of clothing? ›
- Organic hemp. Hemp is a versatile plant that can be used to make anything from food and building materials to cosmetics and fabrics. ...
- Organic cotton. ...
- Organic linen. ...
- Recycled fabrics. ...
- Lyocell. ...
- Econyl. ...
- Piñatex. ...
Sustainability is made up of three pillars — environment, economy and society. These three pillars also are informally called profit, people, and the planet.What is another word for sustainable clothing? ›
“Ethical fashion”, “sustainable fashion”, “eco-friendly”, “organic”, “fair trade”, “vegan”…What is the interest rate for GetVantage? ›
We charge a flat fee on our capital starting at 6% with repayments in line with monthly revenues, taken as a percentage of sales. This is not an interest rate. We don't take any equity, personal guarantees, board seats, warrants, or hidden fees.
What is the company profile of GetVantage? ›
GetVantage is a Fintech platform that offers entrepreneurs growth solutions that include equity-free funding, real-time insights, business optimisation tools, and a powerful founder's ecosystem. eCommerce, CleanTech, D2C, Edtech, EV & infrastructure, SaaS, Healthtech, Foodtech, cloud-kitchens, QSR and many more.Who are the founders from angelist? ›
AngelList was founded in 2010 by serial entrepreneur Naval Ravikant and Babak Nivi.What is the least toxic fabric? ›
Buying organic cotton not only reduces the number of toxins you breathe and expose your skin to, but can lessen the amount of pesticide chemicals released into the water supply when washing your clothes. Other good fabric alternatives to look for are silk, flax, wool, and tencel (made from sustainable wood pulp).What materials are not sustainable for clothing? ›
Polyester, acrylic, rayon, nylon and conventional cotton are the least sustainable fabrics. Polyester is often used in clothing items, and most polyesters are non-biodegradable, so it can take up to 200 years to break down if it ends up in a landfill.What are the 3 keys to sustainability? ›
ECOSOC operates at the centre of the UN system's work on all three pillars of sustainable development—economic, social and environmental.Why is sustainability important in garment industry? ›
Sustainability need in textile industry
Fossil fuels contain large amount of carbon and react with oxygen to form carbon dioxide which increases the amount of global warming in the world. Apparel industries also need to eliminate environmental hazards and improve process efficiency.
The figure at the top of this page suggests that there are three pillars of sustainability – economic viability, environmental protection and social equity.What is sustainable clothing production? ›
Well, sustainable clothing production means that the clothes are produced in a way that affects the environment as little as possible. In sustainable fashion production, organic and natural materials are used, working conditions at the factories are fair and the pollution emission is kept as low as possible.What does sustainable clothing look like? ›
Instead, a sustainable fashion approach is to prioritize organically-grown fabrics and less toxic chemicals in processes, such as azo-free or natural dyes. Things like bluesign® and OEKO-TEX certification tell consumers there was post-production chemical testing of their sustainable clothing, meaning no toxic residue.What is sustainable in simple words? ›
Sustainability means meeting our own needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In addition to natural resources, we also need social and economic resources. Sustainability is not just environmental- ism.
What is considered a sustainable fabric? ›
What are the sustainable fabrics to look for on tags? There are many different eco-friendly fabrics to choose from, the most popular being bamboo, industrial hemp, recycled polyester, wool, TENCEL, soy cashmere/silk, and sustainable cotton.What does sustainability mean in textile industry? ›
Sustainable textile means the production process that will be made environmentally friendly meaning all materials and processes, input and outputs will be healthy and safe for people and the environment at all stages of the life cycle.Are sustainable clothes better quality? ›
Sustainable Clothes Are Higher-Quality
Eco-friendly fabrics are softer, stronger and will last you for years. In fact, sustainable clothing guarantees you won't have to continue buying new clothes all the time.
Against fast, cheap fashion and damaging patterns of fashion consumption. Defending fair wages, working conditions and workers' rights. Supporting sustainable livelihoods. Addressing use of toxic pesticides and chemicals.
Garments made of linen are well-known to be luxurious and exceptionally cool in hot weather. Linen is the most expensive and sustainable clothing fabric worldwide.What is the most sustainable fabric to produce? ›
Those made from natural AND recycled materials are a good bet. Recycled cotton is produced using either post-industrial or post-consumer waste. This means that your favorite sustainable underwear or sustainable blue jeans could be made from industry fabric scrap or other recycled cotton garments.
The fashion industry is responsible for the production of up to 10% of the global carbon dioxide output and accounts for one-fifth of the 300 million tons of plastic produced globally each year, according to the United Nations Environment Programme (via Bloomberg).What are three sustainability issues in the textile industry? ›
Sustainability Issues in Textile Production:
High energy consumption, Huge waste generation, Heavy transportation, Excessive packing materials.
- Utilise Sustainable Materials. ...
- Minimise Water Consumption. ...
- Protect Biodiversity. ...
- Avoid Harmful Chemicals. ...
- Ensure Fair Working Conditions. ...
- Supply Chain Transparency. ...
- Use a Sustainable Fashion Consultant. ...
- Buy Slow Fashion.
Reduced Carbon Dioxide and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Sustainable clothing uses biodegradable components from natural or recycled fibers. These materials grow with no pesticide or fertilizer use, consume less energy and water, and employ no chemical treatment, thus reducing the overall carbon footprint of these brands.
Why is sustainable clothing important? ›
Fast fashion wreaks havoc to ecosystems in that it puts wildlife in danger and human health at huge risk. It disposes of hazardous chemicals into the environment and causes deforestation, global warming, and air, land, and water pollution.What are the 7 key areas of sustainability? ›
7 KEY INITIATIVES TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABILITY GOALS
Infrastructure Imperatives, Carbon Management, Green Energy, Circular Economy, Environment Conservation, Water Conservation and Energy Efficiency.
Principles of sustainable fashion
Low ecological impact of the materials used and that they can be recycled. Reduction of the carbon footprint. Respect for the economic and working conditions of industrial workers, working in decent hygiene conditions, and good pay.
The figure at the top of this page suggests that there are three pillars of sustainability – economic viability, environmental protection and social equity.